Protecting Alaska's Justice Reforms
Some claim Alaskans want a full repeal of justice reform, but this isn’t true. All Alaskans want to make their communities safer, but polling clearly shows they favor doing it by sticking with the progress made when justice reform was passed in 2016 and making adjustments to improve what isn’t working, not going back to the broken system we had before.
Among Governor Dunleavy’s first legislative actions as governor was introducing a raft of bills intended to repeal Alaska’s justice reforms passed in 2016. That would leave Alaska with the same old policies that lead to rising crime, prisons packed to their constitutional limits, unsustainable budgets, and a racially unjust system that disproportionately imprisons Alaska Natives and African-Americans.
These bill create a dangerous situation that puts Alaskans at risk, will exacerbate our budget crisis, and only benefit the for-profit prison industry with whom Dunleavy’s staff are cozy.
Governor Dunleavy’s bills are now being funneled into House Bill 49 – Re-enacting overly harsh prison sentences on a wide range of crimes, including non-violent and drug possession offenses, repealing pre-trial release reform that placed low-risk Alaskans awaiting trial on supervised release rather than in prison, repealing release and parole incentives for those demonstrating good behavior, dealing with sex crimes.
To keep up to date on these and other attacks on Alaska’s justice reforms, sign up for our email list below, follow our Facebook page and Twitter feed (@SmartJusticeAk).
The United States locks up more or its people than any other nation.
Alaska is no different. Critics of reform don’t want us to remember that in the decade prior to reform (2005-2014) our justice system was horribly broken. “Tough on crime” policies caused Alaska’s prison population to skyrocket, growing three times faster than our resident population, produced a dangerously high 67% recidivism rate, and exhibited structural racial bias that imprisoned Alaska Native and African-American men at four times the rate of Caucasian men.
The system had become bloated, financially unsustainable, racially biased, and was making Alaskans less safe.
It was against this backdrop that reform was passed in 2016. The primary reform bill, Senate Bill 91, was a good start, but it had flaws that law enforcement professionals, civil libertarians, Alaska Native groups, and members of the community came together to fix last year with Senate Bill 54 and House Bill 312.
Now Alaska has a criminal justice system that is fairer, more sustainable, better structured to protect the public, and invests in programs proven to prevent crime and lower the likelihood of prisoners committing more crimes after being released from prison. It also enacts tougher penalties on violent crimes, strengthens community supervision of those on probation and parole, and will responsibly reduce Alaska’s inmate population, saving the state of Alaska $380 million over the next 10 years.
These reforms have only been fully in place for a year, but are already paying dividends. According to the Alaska Department of Corrections’ testimony to state legislators, Alaska’s recidivism rate has already dropped from 67% to 61% and, as Senate President Cathy Giessel noted in her May 2018 newsletter, “In the last 4 months, re-offenses by low risk folks who are supervised has dropped from 40% to less than 5%.”
Smart Justice Alaska is a statewide advocacy platform created by the ACLU of Alaska to organize Alaskans in support of Alaska’s criminal justice reforms that:
Reduce Recidivism and the Number of Crime Victims
- Strengthened community supervision of those on probation and parole.
- Expanded eligibility for parole to those with a record of good behavior who present minimal risk to the community.
- Expanded Crime-reduction programs like violence prevention and substance abuse treatment.
- Established an oversight committee and mandatory data collection and reporting requirements to ensure the law is working as intended.
- Kept drug possession a misdemeanor offense, but maintain stiffer penalties for drug dealing and distribution.
Protect Provisions That Support Crime Victims
- Required prosecuting attorneys to confer with victims in felony and domestic violence cases before entering into plea agreements.
- Prohibited law enforcement from disclosing to employers. information about sexual assault reports and investigations, and prohibit employer retaliation against workers for making these reports.
- Authorized the Parole Board to require perpetrators of domestic violence to participate in rehabilitative programming as a condition of parole.
- Required victims be notified of the dates of expected release from incarceration and expected discharge from supervision, and provide victims with opportunities to request information and offer input.
Prior to SB 91, the Alaska Criminal Justice Commission hosted round tables around the state with crime victims, survivors, advocates, community- and system-based victims’ service providers, and justice professionals to identify priorities for improving victim safety, services, and support in Alaska. The top two priorities that emerged from these discussions were strengthening victim-assistance services in remote areas and expanding programs focusing on crime prevention and bystander intervention. As a result, the legislature included many of these victim support suggestions in SB 91. They need to be protected and expanded.
Reduce or Eliminate Racial Bias
- Currently Alaska Natives and African-Americans are four times more likely to be incarcerated in Alaska than Whites.
- Nationally, the imprisonment rate for African-American men is six times that of White men.
- The State of Alaska regularly fails to return rural residents to their place of arrest after incarceration, as they are legally required to do, leaving them in urban hubs where they have no support.
Racial bias, both implicit and explicit, keeps more people of color in prisons and on probation than ever before. The effect of the War on Drugs on communities of color has been tragic. At no other point in U.S. history have so many people—disproportionately people of color—been deprived of their liberty.
- Practitioner Guide to SB 91 (Updated After SB 54 and HB 312)
- 7 Things You Need To Know About Repealing Justice Reform
- 5 Things About Deterrence
- Alaska Criminal Justice Commission Data/Report to Senate Judiciary
- Summary of SB91 Reinvestments
- Alaska DoC Report on Recidivism and Reentry (February 5, 2019)
- Alaska Criminal Justice Commission 2017 Annual Report
- SB 91 Public Testimony Support
- Anne Seymour Testimony on Senate Bill 91
- ANDVSA SB 91 Testimony
- SB 91 Letters of Support
- Department of Law FY18 Criminal Division
- Newt Gingrich Right on Time
- SB 91 Law Enforcement Officials Letters of Support
- Uniform Crime Reporting Program Annual Report
- Property Crime Rates 1985-2016
- Alaska Senate Bill 91 Communications Materials
- Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority
- Juneau Empire Commission Recommendations
- Fairbanks Daily News- Miner Editorial in Support of Commission Recommendations
- Justice Reinvestment Report
- Fairbanks Daily News-Miner ATR-Freedom Works Op-Ed
- AFN Resolution in Support of Criminal Justice Reform
- Revise the Alaska crime bill, but not in panic mode
- Crime is on the rise: We know, and we’re taking action
- SB 91 "Justice Reinvestment Funds" supporting growth at prisoner reentry program
- Budget Overview: Public Defender Agency
- House Finance Sub-Committee Department of Corrections
- Department Overview House Finance Subcommittee
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